Neurons and Exercise

Neurons and Exercise

Monday, December 18, 2017

My Mom's Aluminum Free Coffee Maker

My 91 year old Mom has Alzheimer’s disease.  In an effort to slow and possibly reverse the decline of her short term memory and the progression of her Alzheimer’s disease, I have been helping Mom lower her ingestion of ionic aluminum.  Aluminum ions are neurotoxic, killing neurons and inhibiting the ability of neural networks in the brain to store memories.  

The 7 largest epidemiology studies of aluminum in drinking water concluded that there is a greater risk of Alzheimer’s disease when routinely drinking water or any beverage with greater than 100mcg per liter of ionic aluminum.  This data convinced the World Health Organization to set a 100mcg per liter maximum limit of aluminum in drinking water.

Before age 77 people with Alzheimer’s accumulate aluminum faster than normal, partially accounting for why some of them have early onset Alzheimer’s.  But all people older than 77 accumulate aluminum faster than normal accounting for why in the U.S. one in three people over 80 have Alzheimer’s.  Therefore it is preventative to remove daily sources of aluminum ions from the diet and drinking water of everyone and particularly the elderly.

Surprisingly one of mom’s daily sources of aluminum is her Black & Decker drip style coffee maker (Model 1050).  After removing the safety screws on the bottom of the coffee maker, I found a heated horseshoe shaped aluminum tube that heats all the water that flows from the reservoir to the carafe.  In the process of heating the water, the inside of the hot metallic aluminum corrodes adding neurotoxic aluminum ions to the resulting coffee. 

Bottom view of Black & Decker Model 1050W With Bottom Plate Removed

 In order to find how much aluminum was added to mom’s coffee by the Model 1050 coffee maker, I tested and compared the aluminum concentration in water both before being added to the coffee maker and after being heated and passed into the carafe. I found the amount of aluminum added by Mom’s coffee maker to be extremely disturbing because of Mom’s age and condition and because there are millions of these types of coffee makers being used every day to make aluminum-laced neurotoxic coffee.

As the coffee maker is used, aluminum on the inside of the tube corrodes by pitting, thereby increasing the rate of corrosion.  Also if the coffee maker is used with hard water, a calcium and magnesium carbonate scale forms on the inside of the heated aluminum tube.  This carbonate scale is porous and does not slow the rate of aluminum corrosion.  The B&D Model 1050 used for 1 year with hard water makes coffee with an aluminum level of 264% of the World Health Organization’s maximum level in drinking water. 

Fiji water contains 94ppm of silica. After a coffee maker is used with Fiji water for 1 year, a silica scale forms on the inside of the aluminum tube.  Silica scales are harder and less porous than carbonate scales and reduce the aluminum corrosion rate.  Descaling the B&D Model 1050 with 50% vinegar in water removes both carbonate and silica scales but results in the descaled coffee maker adding even more aluminum to the coffee.

Due to the high level of aluminum found with the used B&D Model 1050, my interest in coffee makers became a temporary obsession. With the help of family and friends I began collecting and testing any coffee maker I could find. As the word of my initial results spread, discarded coffee makers began showing up on my doorstep.  Shockingly I discovered that coffee contacts aluminum in almost all my family and friend’s coffee makers. 

Examples of these coffee makers include the Presto percolator that is all stainless except for a large aluminum nut that holds the heater in place. Also the Krups F253 that is advertised with a brass heating tube but after removing the security screws on the bottom I discovered an aluminum heating tube.  

I also tested the Krups F253 using a single pass with Fiji water and found the aluminum corrosion to be reduced by only 10% to 85mcg/liter.  This shows that the silica scale is slow to form.

After finding such shockingly high aluminum levels in used coffee makers, my goal became trying to find for Mom an electric coffee maker in which the coffee never contacts aluminum.    Just because the manufacturer calls their product a “stainless steel coffee maker” does not mean the coffee never contacts aluminum.  The Jura Capresso MG900 is the only coffee maker found so far that states on the box “coffee never contacts aluminum”.  After much research on the internet and contacting coffee maker manufacturers the following coffee makers were obtained, tested, and found to not add aluminum to coffee:

Any Bunn coffee maker that has an internal stainless steel tank is fine.

Mom used the Krups Moka Brew for several months but ultimately found the carafe to be too hard to unlatch because of her arthritis. Now she uses the BUNN Speed Brew and likes its ease of use.  Both Mom and Dad have said the aluminum-free coffee tastes better than the aluminum-laced coffee.  This is not surprising as many people do not like the metallic taste of aluminum.  What makes me happy is that both Mom and Dad have reduced their aluminum ion ingestion by switching to a coffee maker in which the coffee never contacts aluminum.  This was an important step in reversing the decline of Mom’s short term memory. 

If you would like to learn more about other sources of aluminum and other lifestyle choices which will improve cognitive functioning buy my books.

Thursday, September 21, 2017

Silica Water Recipe for Making Homemade Dissolved Silica

                                                                 SILICADE RECIPE


Aluminum is a neurotoxin which is the cause of Alzheimer's and Autism.  Silica has been shown to prevent Alzheimer's as silica binds with Aluminum so it can be removed from your body.  

This recipe is in my books:

Prevent Alzheimer's, Autism and Stroke with 7 Supplements, 7 Lifestyle Choices and a Dissolved Mineral

Silica Water the Secret of Healthy Blue Zone Longevity in the Aluminum Age.  

The books are available on Amazon. Buy books

Video -How to make your own silica water

Recipe for 'Silicade' water (silicon 36.5 mg/L) which has about the same amount of silica as Fiji water (silicon 36.5 mg/L).  This will take 15 minutes to prepare.


If you live outside the United States here is a company that will give you a US address and ship the products to your country.  The company sends to 220 countries.

·         Note: in the early 2000’s some companies, such as Norpro and Dine, began defining and accurately calibrating the dash and smidgen measuring spoons as precise fractions of a teaspoon. Do not use antique dash and smidgen measuring spoons as they may not be correctly calibrated.  

Excerpt from Dennis' book Prevent Alzheimer's, Autism and Stroke and Silica Water the Secret to Healthy Blue Zone Longevity in the Aluminum Age

Preparation of Silicade

Silicade as a Synthetic OSA Rich Silica Water Supplement

Making silicon rich water weekly at home is easy and much less expensive and more sustainable than purchasing water bottled in Fiji or Malaysia.  I call this water “Silicade” and there is a You Tube Video on how to make it at “Silica Water – How to Make it at Home”. Silicade provides 124ppm of dissolved silica to lower your body-burden of aluminum. Silicade preparation requires only two ingredients and a set of small measuring spoons that in the U.S.A. can be purchased online and shipped to your home.  Silicade can be stored indefinitely in the dark like Fiji water.  The chemicals to make Silicade store well and should be kept out of children’s reach:
·         Low Alkalinity Hydrous Sodium Silicate: a hydrous powder available online from The powder is safer and easier to measure than the liquid form but has the same ratio of 3.22 SiO2 to Na2O. The powder has a as a purity of 99.5% and a formula of SiO2[Na2O]1/3.22 H2O (18.5% water) Mw of 97.25. Only order “sodium silicate – low alkalinity”. Do not order “sodium silicate – alkaline” from the or  This powdery chemical can be stored indefinitely in its screw-cap plastic container but slowly clumps. The clumps are easily converted back to powder with a small mortar and pestle.
Note: This solid sodium silicate from the Chemical Store is Product G manufactured by the PQ Corporation of Valley Forge, PA. Brenntag Specialties (Telephone No. 888-926-4151) buys Product G from PQ Corporation and resells it worldwide as G Sodium Silicate product number 387721 in 50 pound bags. and buy this product from Brenntag Specialties and sell it in 2 pound containers online. 

·         Sodium Bisulfate (a.k.a. Sodium Hydrogen Sulfate): a white powder 99.5% pure of micro-prills (i.e. very small pellets) from Professor Fullwood of LoudWolf Ltd. is available from Amazon.  Note: both optional calcium chloride and magnesium chloride are available from the same source.
·         Mini Measuring Spoon Set: Norpro 3061D from Dine Company Online. Currently priced under $4 without shipping. Three measuring spoons come attached to a single ring. Only the dash (1/8 of a teaspoon) and smidgen (1/32 of a teaspoon) are used for Silicade preparation. In order to avoid accidental use of the wrong measuring spoon, remove the pinch from the ring. Note: in the early 2000’s some companies, such as Norpro and Dine, began defining and accurately calibrating the dash and smidgen measuring spoons as precise fractions of a teaspoon. Do not use antique dash and smidgen measuring spoons as they may not be correctly calibrated. 
·         Spatula: Any small spatula with a straight-edge works to level the contents of the measuring spoons prior to addition.
Detailed Instructions with Options for Making Silicade
By following these detailed instructions you can prepare a gallon of Silicade or just follow the “Short Recipe for Silicade” that follows after these detailed instructions:
1)      A level dash and two level smidgens (3/16 of a teaspoon, 600mg) of hydrous powdered sodium silicate is placed in a Pyrex glass measuring cup. Add 1/8 cup of tap water and bring to boiling in the microwave or on the stove, and let boil for 30sec. This powder contains 99.5% water soluble sodium silicate monohydrate and a maximum of 0.5% of water insoluble materials, as required by the American Waterworks Standard B104-98 for adding sodium silicate to drinking water23.
Note: Do not heat to boiling more than 1/8 cup of tap water as more water will lower the pH making the sodium silicate less soluble.

2)      The hot water with dissolved sodium silicate is immediately diluted to one gallon (3.785 liters) with cold tap water resulting in a 1.29 mM/liter (124ppm) solution of pH 9.8 OSA.

3)      One level dash (1/8 of a teaspoon, 0.83 gr, 6.9 mM) of sodium bisulfate is added to the solution of OSA and dissolved with stirring in order to acidify the solution to pH 4 to 5. Optionally, if tap water is more basic than pH 8.5, use a pH meter while slowly adding a little more sodium bisulfate in order to lower the pH to 4.0-5.0. A pH 7.0 standard solution is recommended for periodic calibration of the pH meter.

4)      The clear colorless acidic solution of OSA is further purified by filtering through a Brita pitcher style filter resulting in OSA at a pH of 4.4. This removes impurities added with sodium silicate and sodium bisulfate.

5)      Two level smidgens of sodium bicarbonate (a.k.a. baking soda) are added and dissolved with stirring in the gallon of filtered OSA, resulting in Silicade with a pH of 6.5, a TDS of 285 at 25oC, and less than 2mcg/L labile aluminum.  Each quart of Silicade contains 36.5mg of dissolved silicon as 124ppm of monomeric (OSA).

6)      Optionally make Silicade Plus Calcium, if tap water is low in calcium, add two level dashes of calcium chloride flakes or prills (840mg 36% calcium) 99% pure from Loudwolf/Amazon. This will increase the calcium level by 80 ppm, the TDS to 450 at 25oC, and the pH to 6.6 in a gallon of Silicade + Ca. Labile aluminum in calcium enriched Silicade is less than 2mcg/L. Calcium at concentrations greater than or equal to 75ppm have a significant protective effect on cognition433.  Optionally in order to increase magnesium by 20ppm add a dash of magnesium chloride hexahydrate (>98% purity) from LoudWolf/Amazon. Optionally make Sparkling Silicade – Carbonating Silicade will result in a pH 4.5 sparkling beverage.

Drink 3 to 4 cups of Silicade a day around meal times in order to provide a total of 25.5 to 34mg of silicon as monomeric OSA. This is 7.7 to 10.3 times the 3.3mg of silicon that when consumed as OSA per day was observed to lower the frequency of AD118.  Silicade contains 124ppm of OSA and in the U.S.A. 160ppm of OSA (i.e. 100ppm of SiO2) is generally recognized as safe in drinking water22.  

Short Recipe for Silicade
Ingredients needed:

·         Sodium Silicate
·         Sodium Bisulfate
·         Baking Soda (sodium bicarbonate)

Tools needed:

·         Dash measuring spoon = 1/8 tsp
·         Smidgen measuring spoon = 1/32 tsp
·         1 cup Pyrex measuring cup
·         1 gallon measuring container
·         Brita filter -  pitcher style
·         Spatula for leveling
·         Stirring utensil


1.      Add 1 level dash & 2 level smidgens of sodium silicate to a one-cup Pyrex container

2.      Add 1/8 cup of tap water to the one-cup Pyrex measuring container

3.      Heat the contents of the Pyrex measuring cup to boiling and boil for at least 30 seconds

4.      Dilute immediately with a small amount of unheated tap water

5.      Pour all the contents of the Pyrex measuring cup into a 1 gallon container

6.      Fill the 1 gallon container with unheated tap water to the 1 gallon mark on the container

7.      Add 1 level dash of sodium bisulfate to the one gallon container

8.      Stir the mixture thoroughly and then filter the mixture through a Brita filter pitcher

9.      After filtering, add 2 level smidgens of baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) to the mixture

10.  Stir Silicade to dissolve the baking soda

11.  Enjoy the health benefits of drinking Silicade!

Silicade can be stored indefinitely in the dark at room temperature or in a refrigerator.
Why This Recipe Works
The goal of this recipe for orthosilicic acid (OSA) in drinking water is to use an easily measured solid silica powder and an acidic microprill that are commercially available online and shipped to anyone, not just chemical laboratories. Both of these chemicals are high purity (e.g. 99.5%). 
·         Solubilize sodium silicate: Boiling powdered sodium silicate for 30 seconds in an eighth of a cup of tap water keeps the pH high enough (e.g. pH = 13) to solubilize silicate434-436.
·         Neutralize to form OSA and prevent polymerization: In order to form OSA and other silica species in equilibrium with OSA489 and to prevent OSA polymerization435-437, immediately dilute the basic (e.g. pH=13) OSA solution to a gallon with tap water and then immediately render the solution non-hazardous by acidifying the solution to pH 4 to 5 with the solid acid sodium bisulfate. A 1.29mM OSA solution is well below OSA’s saturation level in water (e.g. 2-3mM) but requires 7 days to fully stabilize rising from 108ppm immediately after preparation to 124ppm174. Polymerization of OSA has been observed at neutral pH only well above OSA’s 200ppm saturation level435-437.
·         Remove Aluminum: For optimal aluminum removal acidify the OSA solution with sodium bisulfate to pH 4.0 to 5.0 and then filter through a Brita pitcher style filter (OB03)174. A significant portion (e.g. 98.5%) of the labile aluminum introduced in tap water is removed174,175.  This Brita filter is a combined activated carbon and weak cation exchange resin that removes cations like aluminum but does not remove OSA174.  If the tap water used for Silicade is between pH 6.5 to 8.5, as per EPA’s secondary drinking water standard, then after acidification, filtration, and bicarbonate addition Silicade will be pH 6.5. 
·         Optionally add Calcium and/or Magnesium: Have your tap water checked and if it is low in calcium and/or magnesium, add supplemental calcium and/or magnesium to Silicade. The Brita filter reduces calcium and magnesium in Quabbin tap water by one half175. Drinking water with calcium at levels of 80mg and magnesium at levels of 20 ppm has been found to be optimal for good health438.  This may be due to calcium and magnesium competing with aluminum for absorption by the gut433.  Calcium catalyzes the polymerization of OSA but only at pH greater than 818,19.  Silicade + Ca is pH 6.6 and at this pH OSA in Silicade + Ca is primarily a non-polymeric monomer174,439.