Neurons and Exercise

Neurons and Exercise

Monday, December 18, 2017

My Mom's Aluminum Free Coffee Maker

My 91 year old Mom has Alzheimer’s disease.  In an effort to slow and possibly reverse the decline of her short term memory and the progression of her Alzheimer’s disease, I have been helping Mom lower her ingestion of ionic aluminum.  Aluminum ions are neurotoxic, killing neurons and inhibiting the ability of neural networks in the brain to store memories.  

The 7 largest epidemiology studies of aluminum in drinking water concluded that there is a greater risk of Alzheimer’s disease when routinely drinking water or any beverage with greater than 100mcg per liter of ionic aluminum.  This data convinced the World Health Organization to set a 100mcg per liter maximum limit of aluminum in drinking water.

Before age 77 people with Alzheimer’s accumulate aluminum faster than normal, partially accounting for why some of them have early onset Alzheimer’s.  But all people older than 77 accumulate aluminum faster than normal accounting for why in the U.S. one in three people over 80 have Alzheimer’s.  Therefore it is preventative to remove daily sources of aluminum ions from the diet and drinking water of everyone and particularly the elderly.

Surprisingly one of mom’s daily sources of aluminum is her Black & Decker drip style coffee maker (Model 1050).  After removing the safety screws on the bottom of the coffee maker, I found a heated horseshoe shaped aluminum tube that heats all the water that flows from the reservoir to the carafe.  In the process of heating the water, the inside of the hot metallic aluminum corrodes adding neurotoxic aluminum ions to the resulting coffee. 


Bottom view of Black & Decker Model 1050W With Bottom Plate Removed

 In order to find how much aluminum was added to mom’s coffee by the Model 1050 coffee maker, I tested and compared the aluminum concentration in water both before being added to the coffee maker and after being heated and passed into the carafe. I found the amount of aluminum added by Mom’s coffee maker to be extremely disturbing because of Mom’s age and condition and because there are millions of these types of coffee makers being used every day to make aluminum-laced neurotoxic coffee.

As the coffee maker is used, aluminum on the inside of the tube corrodes by pitting, thereby increasing the rate of corrosion.  Also if the coffee maker is used with hard water, a calcium and magnesium carbonate scale forms on the inside of the heated aluminum tube.  This carbonate scale is porous and does not slow the rate of aluminum corrosion.  The B&D Model 1050 used for 1 year with hard water makes coffee with an aluminum level of 264% of the World Health Organization’s maximum level in drinking water. 

Fiji water contains 94ppm of silica. After a coffee maker is used with Fiji water for 1 year, a silica scale forms on the inside of the aluminum tube.  Silica scales are harder and less porous than carbonate scales and reduce the aluminum corrosion rate.  Descaling the B&D Model 1050 with 50% vinegar in water removes both carbonate and silica scales but results in the descaled coffee maker adding even more aluminum to the coffee.

Due to the high level of aluminum found with the used B&D Model 1050, my interest in coffee makers became a temporary obsession. With the help of family and friends I began collecting and testing any coffee maker I could find. As the word of my initial results spread, discarded coffee makers began showing up on my doorstep.  Shockingly I discovered that coffee contacts aluminum in almost all my family and friend’s coffee makers. 

Examples of these coffee makers include the Presto percolator that is all stainless except for a large aluminum nut that holds the heater in place. Also the Krups F253 that is advertised with a brass heating tube but after removing the security screws on the bottom I discovered an aluminum heating tube.  

I also tested the Krups F253 using a single pass with Fiji water and found the aluminum corrosion to be reduced by only 10% to 85mcg/liter.  This shows that the silica scale is slow to form.

After finding such shockingly high aluminum levels in used coffee makers, my goal became trying to find for Mom an electric coffee maker in which the coffee never contacts aluminum.    Just because the manufacturer calls their product a “stainless steel coffee maker” does not mean the coffee never contacts aluminum.  The Jura Capresso MG900 is the only coffee maker found so far that states on the box “coffee never contacts aluminum”.  After much research on the internet and contacting coffee maker manufacturers the following coffee makers were obtained, tested, and found to not add aluminum to coffee:


Any Bunn coffee maker that has an internal stainless steel tank is fine.

Mom used the Krups Moka Brew for several months but ultimately found the carafe to be too hard to unlatch because of her arthritis. Now she uses the BUNN Speed Brew and likes its ease of use.  Both Mom and Dad have said the aluminum-free coffee tastes better than the aluminum-laced coffee.  This is not surprising as many people do not like the metallic taste of aluminum.  What makes me happy is that both Mom and Dad have reduced their aluminum ion ingestion by switching to a coffee maker in which the coffee never contacts aluminum.  This was an important step in reversing the decline of Mom’s short term memory.

Tuesday, November 28, 2017

High levels of Aluminum found in brains of people with Autism

Update on New Autism Research

In the fall of 2016 my book was published on preventing Alzheimer’s, autism, and stroke by eliminating aluminum accumulation in the body.  At the time of publication I cited data on aluminum accumulation in brains of Alzheimer’s patients and aluminum accumulation in the blood of those with a higher than normal level of cardiovascular disease due to occupational aluminum exposure.  Also at the time of publication only higher than normal levels of aluminum in hair had been observed in those diagnosed with autism.  This was only a clue and not a solid link between aluminum and autism.

In late November of 2017 a paper was accepted in Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology that reports extremely high levels of aluminum accumulation in the brains of those diagnosed with autism.  This work was performed by researchers at Keele University in Statffordshire and King’s College in London and was directed by Dr. Christopher Exley.  I am proud to say that Dr. Exley fact-checked my book prior to publication. Now he has reported for the first time a solid link between aluminum accumulation and autism.

The main observation of this new work is that aluminum does cross the blood-brain-barrier at a higher than normal rate and accumulates in the brains of those with autism.  The brains of all 5 autistic individuals tested had at least one brain tissue with pathologically-significant content of aluminum.  In the brains of some individuals with autism the levels of aluminum were found to be the highest ever recorded.    Aluminum accumulation was observed inside both neuron and non-neuronal cells across all brain tissues studied.  With aluminum being cytotoxic its accumulation in these cells is unlikely to be benign.

This new work strongly supports the contention that aluminum accumulation in the brain is a causal factor of autism.  Therefore avoiding aluminum ingestion, spacing out aluminum containing vaccinations, taking a vitamin D supplement, and drinking silica water to eliminate aluminum from your body and your child’s body is recommended for autism prevention as described in my book.   

Here is a link to the abstract where you can download a PDF of the study.

Friday, October 13, 2017

Sources of Aluminum in our daily lives

Sources of Aluminum 
Reduce Your Intake of Aluminum 

Aluminum Cookware -    Pots, baking pans, cookie sheets, dutch oven, caldero
Safer Alternative – Stainless Steel, cast iron, porcelain, ceramic

Aluminum Foil – Safer Alternative for cooking use nonstick aluminum foil, parchment paper,
 For storage - plastic wrap between food and aluminum foil

Drinking Water – Aluminum in drinking water comes from alum which is used to purify
            drinking water and cement lined pipes which leach aluminum.  
Use pitcher style Brita Water filter to remove aluminum and keep silica in the water.
Some water filters ADD aluminum to the water.   

Baking Powder – even aluminum free baking powder contains some aluminum 
Safer alternative – make you own – recipe 1 teaspoon baking soda, 2 teaspoons cream of tartar, 1 teaspoon corn starch (so it doesn’t cake)

Coffee/Tea Maker – the heating element is usually made of aluminum   
Coffee makers which use stainless steel -Krups  Mocha brew, Jura Copresso MG 900, Bunn Velocity/Speed Brew, Keurig ,  for tea a good choice is Krups glass kettle

Alum – check your spice cabinet - used for canker sores and pickles

Antiperspirant - Most contain Aluminum, sometimes listed as Alum
Safer alternatives Arm and Hammer Essentials, Schimdts  (have sensitive stick which has no baking soda) baking soda causes skin irritation in some people

Food – Pancake mixes, frozen pancakes/waffles – Alum (aluminum sulfate) in baking powder
                Cake mixes – Alum (aluminum sulfate) in baking powder
                Candy – Jelly beans, M&M’s, skittles – the dyes – Aluminum Lake
                Shredded Cheese and Salt – Alum (aluminum sulfate) used as anticaking agent
                Pickles – Alum (aluminum sulfate)

Antacids most contain Aluminum Hydroxide
 Safer alternative those that contain sodium carbonate

Pharmaceuticals -Prescription /over the counter
 aluminum is used as a colorant and anticaking agent

Levothyroxine (Thyroid medication) – aluminum lake  – Safer alternative 50 mcg is the only dosage that doesn’t contain aluminum lake
            Domeboro – astringent– aluminum sulfate  tetradecahydrate -Safer alternative – Epsom salts
            Mutivitamins – colorant
Musinex 12 Hour – yellow # 10 aluminum lake
            Citrucel caplets - FD&C Yellow 6 Aluminum Lake
Bayer Low dose aspirin safety coated - D&C Yellow #10 Aluminum Lake, FD&C Yellow #6 Aluminum Lake
Centrum Multivitamins – sodium aluminum silicate (SAS) is present in some of the Centrum multivitamins
            Suntan lotion – aluminum oxide
              Styptic Pencil – Alum (aluminum sulfate)
              Canker sore powder Alum (aluminum sulfate)
              Lipstick – aluminum lake as a colorant

What to look for on labels - Food Ingredients that contain aluminum
Alum (aluminum sulfate), aluminum ammonium sulfate, aluminum calcium silicate,
aluminum nicotinate, aluminum potassium sulfate, aluminum sodium sulfate,
aluminum stearate, sodium aluminum phosphate, sodium aluminum silicate,
aluminum lake (aluminum hydroxide or aluminum oxide (alumina))

Artificial Food Colorants – contain Aluminum Lake
            Safer Alternative – Natural Food Colorants – Color Kitchen makes good colorants for  

Thursday, September 21, 2017

Silica Water Recipe for Making Homemade Dissolved Silica

Aluminum is a neurotoxin which is the cause of Alzheimer's and Autism.  Silica has been shown to prevent Alzheimer's as silica binds with Aluminum so it can be removed from your body.  
This recipe is from my book titled Prevent Alzheimer's, Autism and Stroke with 7 Supplements, 7 Lifestyle Choices and a Dissolved Mineral. 

Video -How to make your own silica water

Recipe for 'Silicade' water (silicon 32 mg/L) which has about the same amount of silica as Fiji water (silicon 36 mg/L).  This will take 15 minutes to prepare.

Short version of recipe followed by detailed recipe with more details from Dennis' book Prevent Alzheimer's Austism, and Stroke

1 level dash (1/8 Tsp) and 2 level smidgens (1/32 tsp)  (Total is 3/16 of a tsp) of Sodium Silicate powder order Sodium Silicate - Low Alkalinity NOT Sodium Silicate - Alkaline

Add to 1/8 cup of water and boil for 30 seconds (I use a pyrex measuring cup and boil in microwave)

Add enough cold water to make a gallon

1 level dash (1/8 tsp) of Sodium Bisulfate
dissolve by stirring 

Purify this mixture through Brita Water Filter

2 level smidgens of sodium bicarbonate (baking soda)

Drink 3 to 4 cups a day around meal time 


Sodium Silicate powder - Chemical Store online

Sodium Bisulfate - from amazon: Professor Fullwood of LoudWolf Limited

Measuring spoon - dash, smidgen, pinch - Nopro 3016D from Dine

Excerpt from my book Prevent Alzheimer's, Autism and Stroke

Preparation of Silicade

Making silicon rich water weekly at home is easy and much less expensive and more sustainable than purchasing water bottled in Fiji or Malaysia.  I call this water “Silicade”. Silicade provides dissolved silica to keep your body-burden of aluminum under control. Silicade preparation requires only two ingredients and a set of small measuring spoons that are all easy to purchase online and have shipped to your home.  The chemicals store well and should be kept out of children’s reach:

·         Low Alkalinity Sodium Silicate: a powder available from Chemical Store Online. The powder is easier to measure than the liquid form and has a purity of 99.5% with a ratio of SiO2 to Na2O of 3.22 (Na2O=19.2%, SiO2=61.8%). Seventy percent of this powder can be dissolved in boiling water. Only order “sodium silicate – low alkalinity”. Do not order “sodium silicate – alkaline” from the Chemical Store.  

·         Sodium Bisulfate: a white powder 99.5% pure of micro-prills (i.e. very small pellets) from Professor Fullwood of LoudWolf Ltd. is available from Amazon. 

·         Mini Measuring Spoon Set: Norpro 3061D from Dine Company Online. Currently priced under $4 without shipping. Three measuring spoons come attached to a single ring. Only the dash and smidgen are used for Silicade preparation. In order to avoid accidental use of the wrong measuring spoon, remove the pinch from the ring.

·         Spatula: Any small spatula with a straight-edge works to level the contents of the measuring spoons prior to addition.

By following these instructions you can easily prepare a 4 to5 day supply of Silicade:

1)      A level dash and two level smidgens (3/16 of a teaspoon, 600mg., 6.18mM as SiO2) of sodium silicate powder is approximately 70% soluble when placed in a Pyrex glass measuring cup, suspended in 1/8 cup of tap water, brought to boiling in the microwave or on the stove, and boiled for 30sec. 

2)      The hot water with dissolved sodium silicate is immediately diluted to one gallon (3.8 liters) with cold tap water resulting in a 1.14 mM solution of pH 9.8 OSA. 

3)      One level dash (1/8 of a teaspoon, 0.83 gr, 6.9 mM) of sodium bisulfate is added to the solution of OSA and dissolved with stirring in order to acidify the solution to pH 4.0 to 5.0. Optionally, if tap water is more basic than pH 8.5, use a pH meter while slowly adding a little more sodium bisulfate in order to lower the pH to 4.0-5.0. Etekcity pH pen meter PH-2011 is a temperature compensated low cost pH meter available online. A pH 7.0 standard solution is recommended for periodic calibration of the pH meter.

4)      The clear colorless acidic solution of OSA is further purified by filtering through a Brita pitcher style filter (i.e. OB03) resulting in OSA at a pH of 4.4.

 5)      Two level smidgens of sodium bicarbonate (a.k.a. baking soda) are added and dissolved with stirring in the gallon of filtered OSA, resulting in Silicade with a pH of 6.5, a TDS of 285 at 25oC, and less than 2mcg/L labile aluminum.  Each quart of Silicade contains 30mg of dissolved silicon as 104mg of monomeric (OSA).

6)      Optionally make Silicade Plus Calcium, if tap water is low in calcium, add two level dashes of calcium chloride prills or flakes (840mg 36% calcium) 99.5% pure from Loudwolf/Amazon. This will increase the calcium level by 80mg per liter, the TDS to 450 at 25oC, and the pH to 6.6 in a gallon of Silicade + Ca. Labile aluminum in calcium enriched Silicade is less than 2mcg/L. It has been found that calcium at concentrations greater than or equal to 75mg/L have a significant protective effect on cognition461.  Optionally add a heaping dash of magnesium sulfate to incease magnesium by 20mg/L.

7)  Optionally make Sparkling Silicade - Carbonate Silicade resulting in pH 4.5 beverages.

Drink a total of 3 to 4 cups of Silicade a day around meal times in order to provide a total of 22.5 to 30mg of silicon a day as monomeric OSA. Drinking 22.5 to 30mg of silicon as OSA a day is approximately 6.8 to 9 times the 3.3mg of silicon that when consumed as OSA per day was observed to lower the frequency of AD76 In the U.S. 100mg per liter of dissolved silicates, such as OSA, are generally recognized as safe (e.g. GRAS) in drinking water462 

Why This Recipe Works 

The goal of this recipe for orthosilicic acid (OSA) in drinking water is to use an easily measured solid silica powder and an acidic microprill that are commercially available online and shipped to anyone, not just chemical laboratories. Both of these chemicals are high purity (e.g. 99.5%). 

·         Convert polymers of silica to monomers: Boiling the sodium silicate in an eighth of a cup of tap water (mixture is pH = 13) for 30 seconds converts 70% of the polymeric oligomers of silica into water soluble monomeric OSA463-465.

·         Neutralize and prevent re-polymerization of OSA: In order to prevent OSA re-polymerization, immediately dilute the basic (e.g. pH=13) OSA solution to a gallon with tap water. Then acidify the solution to pH 4.0 to 5.0 with the solid acid sodium bisulfate. A 1.14mM OSA solution is well below OSA’s saturation level in water (e.g. 2-3mM). Polymerization of OSA to oligomers has been observed after 10 minutes at neutral pH only well above OSA’s saturation level (i.e. 42mM)453,464,465. 

·         Remove Aluminum: Removal of aluminum is optimal between pH 4.0 to 5.0. By filtering the acidified OSA solution through a Brita pitcher style filter (OB03) a significant portion (e.g. 98.5%) of the labile aluminum introduced in both the tap water and sodium silicate is removed416,417.  This Brita filter is a combined activated carbon and cation exchange resin that removes cations like aluminum but does not remove OSA417.  If tap water used for Silicade is between pH 6.5 to 8.5, as per EPA’s secondary drinking water standard, then after filtration and bicarbonate addition Silicade will be pH 6.5.  Labile aluminum in Silicade is less than 2mcg/L when made from Quabbin tap water417.  

·         Optionally add Calcium: Have your tap water checked and if it is low in calcium add supplemental calcium to Silicade. Calcium in Quabbin tap water is reduced from 4.4 to 2.2mg/L by the Brita filter416. Drinking water with calcium at levels of 80mg/L has been found to be optimal for good health466. Calcium in drinking water at concentrations in excess of 75mg/L has been shown to be correlated with improved cognition461.  This may be due to calcium competing with aluminum for absorption by the gut451 Calcium catalyzes the polymerization of OSA but only at pH greater than 8467,468.  Silicade + Ca is pH 6.6 and at this pH OSA in Silicade + Ca is a non-polymeric monomer417.

Conclusion of Controlling Your Aluminum Excretion with a Dissolved Mineral

Silica supplementation is a proven and recommended way to increase aluminum excretion by your body.  There are four silica supplements available:

·         High silica mineral water, such as Fiji or Spritzer water, taken as 3 to 4 cups per day will result in 25 to 34mg of silicon as OSA per day.  This source of silica taken orally results in 43% of the OSA being absorbed and bioavailable469.

·         High silica Silicade water is prepared in your home by mixing powdered sodium silicate with powdered sodium bisulfate in tap water.  Silicade taken as 3 to 4 cups per day will result in 22.5-30mg of silicon as OSA per day. Like high silica mineral water, this source of silica taken orally results in 43% of the OSA being absorbed and bioavailable469.

·         Stabilized concentrated OSA, such as Natural Factor’s Biosil choline stabilized OSA470, can be taken as 5 drops twice a day in a quarter cup of flavored liquid, as it has a slight taste, or as 2 veg caps a day.  Note that low choline supplementation (200mg/day) may have benefits but there is a 70% greater risk of lethal prostate cancer with high (500mg/day) choline diets471. The European Food Safety Authority recommended that liquid choline stabilized OSA be taken at a maximum dose of 10 mg. of silicon with 200mg of choline per day472,473.   Choline stabilized OSA taken orally results in 17% of the OSA being absorbed and bioavailable and 42% being oligomeric OSA469.

·         Colloidal silica, such as Eidon’s Ionic Minerals Silica Concentrate, taken as 30 drops per day equals 109mg of silicon in colloidal silica per day.  Only 1% of 109mg of silicon in colloidal silica taken orally has been shown to be absorbed and bioavailable469.  Also silica colloids made synthetically and sold commercially as nanoparticles have been tested in vitro on human cells and shown to have cytotoxicity474.

Silica Supplements469

Bioavailable Si/Day
Mineral WaterA
3 - 4 cups
7.2 – 11mg
$1.00 - $1.50
3 - 4 cups
6.5 – 9.8mg
$0.04 - $0.05C
10 drops
Choline Stab OSAE
2 veg caps
Colloidal SilicaF
30 drops

A. Fiji and Spritzer – Mineral Waters;  B. Silicade preparation described in Chapter 5;            C. Including shipping and excluding cost of tap water; D. Biosil Choline Stab. OSA;  E. Biosil Veg Caps;     F. Eidon’s – Ionic Minerals Silica Concentrate

OSA in drinking water acts to lower the amount of soluble aluminum in the drinking water426.  After examining 214 water supplies in northern England it was found that when drinking water contained greater than 3.5mg/liter of soluble silicon as OSA, the level of soluble aluminum was always below 20mcg/liter426.  When drinking water contained less than 3.5mg/liter of soluble silicon as OSA, the level of aluminum ranged from 25 to 125mcg/liter.  Communities and agencies responsible for drinking water should be adding OSA (i.e. soluble silica) to public drinking water to keep the level of soluble silicon above 10mg/liter. They should also refrain from adding fluoride to drinking water.  In place of fluoride in drinking water the public should be encouraged to use tooth paste and/or mouthwash containing fluoride.  These two actions could lower the amount of AD, autism, and stroke.

Dr. Chris Exley has shown that Spritzer water which is high in silica (35 mg/L) improves cognition in people with Alzheimer's  see link to video below